Gauss’ Law, Part 1

In Derivation #3, the expression, $ \frac{\partial \beta(t)}{\partial t}$, was written. This is an expression for a derivative of a function $ \beta(t)$. Now that a derivative has been introduced, Maxwell’s equations can…

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Finite Differences

Here are a few notes about the symbol $ \Delta$. This symbol appears frequently in physics. Let $ \alpha$ be a real number. This statement is equivalent to $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}$. Then…

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