Recall Gauss’ theorem, $ \int\int\int_V (\vec{\nabla} \cdot \vec{F}) dV = \int\int_{S} (\vec{F} \cdot \vec{e}_{n}) dS $. This theorem can be written more precisely. The following statement of the Divergence theorem is a copy…

Read moreIt turns out that deriving Gauss’ Law is easier said than done. There are several steps according to a StackExchange post [1]. The first of these steps is understanding Gauss’ Theorem. Hmm. Perhaps…

Read moreIn Derivation #3, the expression, $ \frac{\partial \beta(t)}{\partial t}$, was written. This is an expression for a derivative of a function $ \beta(t)$. Now that a derivative has been introduced, Maxwell’s equations can…

Read moreHere are a few notes about the symbol $ \Delta$. This symbol appears frequently in physics. Let $ \alpha$ be a real number. This statement is equivalent to $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}$. Then…

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