In this post, the derivative of the cosine function is found. To do this, the steps in reference 1 are followed. Start with a definition of a derivative, from this post: $\frac{df(x)}{dx}\bigg|_{a^+} \equiv \lim_{\Delta x \rightarrow 0^+} \frac{ f(a + \Delta x) – f(a) }{\Delta x} $. Since $f(x)$ and $\cos(x)$ are both functions of $x$,…

# Category: Differentiation

## Proving the Chain Rule

In this post, the chain rule is proved. This rule frequently appears in Calculus. Recall from this post that: $dx|_{a^+} \equiv \lim_{\Delta x \rightarrow 0^+} \Delta x$ and $df(x)|_{a^+} = \lim_{\Delta x \rightarrow 0^+} \Delta f (\Delta x)$. Suppose a variable $y$ can be written as a function of another variable $u$, and that $u$ can be written…

## Derivative No. 7

Using the methods in this post, I would like to evaluate $\frac{dy(\theta)}{d\theta}\bigg|_{\theta^+}$ with $y(\theta)=r\sin\theta\sin\phi$ Substituting, the expression to evaluate is $ \frac{d \sin \theta r \sin \phi }{d\theta} \bigg|_{\theta^+}$. From the product rule, $ \frac{dy(\theta)}{d\theta} \bigg|_{\theta^+} = \sin\theta \frac{d r \sin \phi }{d\theta}\big|_{\theta^+} + r \sin \phi \frac{d \sin\theta }{d\theta}\big|_{\theta^+}$ Since $r \sin \phi $ does not depend on…

## Derivative No. 6

Using the methods in this post, I would like to evaluate $\frac{dx(\theta)}{d\theta}\bigg|_{\theta^+}$ with $x(\theta)=r\sin\theta\cos\phi$. Substituting, the expression to evaluate is $ \frac{d r \sin\theta \cos \phi }{d\theta} \bigg|_{\theta^+}$. From the product rule, $ \frac{dx(\theta)}{d\theta} \bigg|_{\theta^+} = \sin\theta \frac{d r \cos \phi }{d\theta}\big|_{\theta^+} + r \cos \phi \frac{d \sin\theta }{d\theta}\big|_{\theta^+}$ Since $ r \cos \phi $ does not depend on $\theta$, $…