## Definition of a Sequence

The title of Section 2 in book  is Sequences of rational numbers. At the beginning of this section, a definition is provided for a sequence, and I quote it here. Definition. If, by means of any suitable process of construction, we can form successively a first, a second, a third, … (rational) number and if to every positive integer $n$ one and only one well-defined (rational) number $x_n$ thus corresponds, then the numbers $x_1, x_2, x_3, …, x_n, …$ (in this order, corresponding to the natural order of the integers $1,2,3,…,n,…$) are said to form a sequence. We denote it for brevity by $(x_n)$ or $(x_1, x_2, …)$. A sequence can be useful for understanding the value of $\sqrt{2}$ because a sequence can consist of rational numbers that, when squared, become closer to $2$ as $n$ increases, as mentioned in reference . The author of  claims that the following definition is very important, so I will copy it here as well. At the moment, I do not know why this “null sequence” is important. Definition. A sequence will be called a null sequence if it possesses the following property: given any arbitrary positive (rational) number $\epsilon$, the inequality $|x_n| < \epsilon$ is satisfied by all the terms, with at most a finite number of exceptions. In other words: an arbitrary positive number $\epsilon$ being chosen, it is always possible to designate a term $x_m$ of the sequence, beyond which the terms are less than $\epsilon$ in absolute value. Or a number $n_0$ can always be found, such that $|x_n| < \epsilon$ for every $n >n_0$. One pictorial representation of a null sequence is:   References  Konrad Knopp. Theory and Application of […]