One Cycle of a Trigonometric Function

Integral of a Complex Exponential Consider the integral $ \int_0^{2 \pi} d\theta e^{i \theta} $. Upper Limit of $2 \pi$ Radians The upper limit is the number, $2 \pi$. For a circle with…

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Differentiating the Sine Function

From this post, one type of derivative is $\lim_{\Delta x\rightarrow0^+}\frac{f(a+\Delta x)-f(a)}{\Delta x}\equiv\frac{df(x)}{dx}\big|_{a^+}$ To be consistent with my previous interpretation of $0^+$ in this post, $\Delta x \rightarrow 0^+$ means constraining $\Delta x$ to positive numbers. Next, define…

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The sine function divided by its angle, and a certain limit

What is $ \lim_{x\rightarrow0} \frac{\sin x}{x}$ ? Recall the definition of a limit, repeated here for reference [2]. A function $f(x)$ approaches a limit $A$ as $x$ approaches $a$ if, and only if, for each…

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Angle Addition Identities

This post includes proofs of two angle addition identities. $ \sin(x+y) = \sin x \cos y + \sin y \cos x$ $ \cos(x+y) = \cos x \cos y – \sin x \sin y$…

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